[Full-Disclosure] Re: A new TCP/IP blind data injection technique?
barney at databus.com
Fri Dec 12 17:14:44 GMT 2003
On Fri, Dec 12, 2003 at 01:41:13AM +0100, Michal Zalewski wrote:
> B. Although checksum is *NOT* optional in TCP packets (unlike with UDP), it
> seems that there is a notable (albeit unidentified at the moment)
> population of systems that do consider it to be optional when set to
> zero, or do not verify it at all. I have conducted a quick check
> as follows:
> - I have acquired a list of 300 most recent unique IPs that
> had established a connection to a popular web server.
> - I have sent a SYN packet with a correct TCP checksum to all
> systems on the list, receiving 170 RST replies.
> - I have sent a SYN packet with zero TCP checksum to all systems on
> the list, receiving 12 RST replies (7% of the pool).
> As such, there seems to be a reason for some concern, even with
> random IP IDs, since it only takes one RFC-ignorant party for the
> attack against a session to succeed.
I suspect that in these cases the RSTs may be coming from firewalls rather
than end-hosts. It would be more impressive and surprising if one ever
got a SYN-ACK in response.
Barney Wolff http://www.databus.com/bwresume.pdf
I'm available by contract or FT, in the NYC metro area or via the 'Net.
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